Classification of Offences



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The offences under any law (mostly the Indian Penal Code) are classified as cognizable and non-cognizable, as bailable or non-bailable and by the lowest courts which can try them. These are given and defined in the First Schedule of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.


EXPLANATORY NOTES

(1)

In regard to offences under the Indian Penal Code, the entries in the second and third  columns against a section the number of which is given in the first column are not intended as the definition of, and the punishment prescribed for, the offence in the Indian penal Code, but merely as indication of the substance of the section.

(2)In this Schedule,
 (i)

the expression "Magistrate of the first class" and ďAny Magistrate" include Metropolitan Magistrates but not Executive Magistrates;

 (ii)

the word "cognizable" stands for a "a police officer may arrest without warrant";

                              and
 (iii)

the word  "non-cognizable" stands for "a police officer shall not  arrest  without warrant".

(3)Herein
 (i)"bailable" means the person shall be offered to be released on suitable bail upon his arrest [by the police or the court] {informing about his right to be so released}
                              and
 (ii)"non-bailable" means shall not be automatically entitled to be released on bail [but does not mean that the court may not order him to be released on a suitable bail - with or without any conditions]

Offences Under Indian Penal Code

CHAPTER V - ABETMENTSections 109 to 120.
CHAPTER V - A - CRIMINAL CONSPIRACYSection 120 B
CHAPTER VI - OFFENCES AGAINST THE STATESections 121 to 130.
CHAPTER VII - OFFENCES RELATING TO THE ARMY, NAVY AND AIR FORCE

Sections 131 to 140.

CHAPTER VIII - OFFENCES AGAINST THE PUBLIC TRANQUILITY

Sections 143 to 160.

CHAPTER IX - OFFENCES BY OR RELATING TO PUBLIC SERVANTSSections 161 to 171.
CHAPTER IX-A - OFFENCES RELATING TO ELECTIONSSections 171 E to 171 I.
CHAPTER X - CONTEMPTS OF THE LAWFUL AUTHORITY OF PUBLIC SERVANTSSections 172 to 190.
CHAPTER XI - FALSE EVIDENCE AND OFFENCES AGAINST PUBLIC JUSTICESections 193 to 207.

Sections 208 to 216.

Sections 216 A to 229.

CHAPTER XII - OFFENCES RELATING TO COIN AND GOVERNMENT STAMPS

Sections 231 to 263 A.

CHAPTER XIII - OFFENCES RELATING TO WEIGHTS AND MEASURES

Sections 264 to 267.
CHAPTER XIV - OFFENCES AFFECTING THE PUBLIC HEALTH, SAFETY, CONVENIENCE, DECENCY AND MORALSSections 269 to 294 A.
CHAPTER XV - OFFENCES RELATING TO RELIGIONSections 295 to 298.
CHAPTER XVI - OFFENCES AFFECTING THE HUMAN BODYSections 302 to 318.

Sections 323 to 348.

Sections 352 to 377.

CHAPTER XVII - OFFENCES AGAINST PROPERTYSections 379 to 402.

Sections 403 to 440.

Sections 447 to 462.

CHAPTER XVIII - OFFENCES RELATING TO DOCUMENTS AND TO PROPERTY MARKSSections 465 to 489 E.
CHAPTER XIX - CRIMINAL BREACH OF CONTRACTS OF SERVICESections 491.
CHAPTER XX - OFFENCES RELATING TO MARRIAGE.Sections 493 to 498.
CHAPTER XX - A - OF CRUELTY BY HUSBAND OR RELATIVES OF HUSBAND.Sections 498 A.
CHAPTER XXI - DEFAMATIONSections 500 to 502.
CHAPTER XXII - CRIMINAL INTIMIDATION, INSULT AND ANNOYANCESections 504 to 510.
CHAPTER XXIII - ATTEMPTS TO COMMIT OFFENCES.Sections 511.

Classification of Offences Under Other Laws


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