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Every State has a High Court, which works under the direct guidance and supervision of the Supreme Court of India, and is the uppermost court in that state, and generally the last court of regular appeals. Though generally the High Courts are only the courts of Appeal, however in the three presidency towns (As the British had then termed) of Mumbai [Bombay], Chennai [Madras] and Kolkata [Calcutta], the High Courts also have powers of the original Side beyond a certain financial limit.
The High Courts are also termed as the courts of equity, and can be approached in writs not only for violation of fundamental rights under the provisions of Article 32 of the Indian constitution, but also for any other rights under Article 226 of the Constitution, and under its powers to supervise over all its subordinate courts falling within the physical jurisdiction of the same under Article 227 of the Constitution. In fact, when apparently there is no effective remedy available to a person in equity, it can always move the High Court in an appropriate writ.
High Courts frame their own rules, and arrange to implement them.
Under certain provisions of Law, the High Courts have the ordinary original civil jurisdiction.
Many times the High Courts have concurrent jurisdiction along with its subordinate courts, for effective remedy at the earliest.
All the High Courts have different division benches in different parts of the respective states for speedier cheaper and effective dispensing of justice.
For the purpose of disposal of its business, the Judges in the High Court, either sit singly or in benches of two or more judges in benches for deciding more important matters.
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