Indian Citizen

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First we shall have to understand as to who is an Indian Citizen and how can one become an Indian citizen and other related issues like travelling to India and the wide term of being an Indian.

Citizenship and Visa

Being a citizen of India lets us have certain absolute rights, which under the Indian Constitution are termed as the Fundamental rights, and are primarily guaranteed by the Constitution of India, subject to reasonable restrictions on their exercise.

Fundamental Rights.

Alongwith the fundamental rights, the constitution also prescribes certain duties cast upon each citizen of India, and which duties are therefore termed as the Fundamental Duties.

Fundamental Duties.

The Right of Private Defence of a person's body and property is well described under the Indian Penal Code, 1860.

Right of Private Defense.

However, it is very essential for a person to know by his right, as to when a complaint with the police ought to result in some forthwith action by them, as they are duty bound in case of the offences termed as Cognizable Offences, or otherwise simply record the same, as in case of the minor crimes termed as Non-Cognizable Offences. The offences according to their gravity are classified under the Schedule of the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973.

Classification of Offences.

Many a times people compromise after lodging criminal complaints, some of which might have even reached the courts, the complaint being of a cognizable nature, in which case, certain offences are allowed to be compounded (meaning - compromised) with or without the permission of the court. This compounding of offences is described as well as prescribed and the procedure laid down, under Section 320 of the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973.

Compounding of Offences.